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2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试模拟试题 英语(四)

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新高考栾老师 发表于 2018-1-12 10:33:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题

2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试模拟试题 英语(四)

  • 年级
    高三
  • 学科
    英语
  • 学期
    下册

试题下载

绝密启用前

    (考试时间:90分钟  试卷满分:120分)

注意事项:

1. 答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2. 回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

3. 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Job offered

Shop Clerk

We are seeking someone who has graduated from high school or college to join our team. Three years of increasingly responsible working experience is required. Besides, applicants should have a good telephone manner, good interpersonal skills.

Working conditions are primarily inside an office environment.

More details: Please contact 202–962–1440.

Waiter/Waitress

Job requirements: Ability to work with the public.

Years of experience related to the job preferred.

Languages asked for: French and English.

Job status: Permanent full-time day; evening; weekend.

More details: Please contact 202–962–1100.

Box Office Ticket SellerSan Jose Earthquakes (San Jose, CA)

The San Jose Earthquakes are currently hiring part-time box office sellers for their 2017 events at Avaya Stadium. The successful applicant must have the ability to access and accurately input information using complex computer system.

Previous Box Office/Sales experience is a plus, but not required.

Call San Jose Earthquakes at 202–962–2293 for more information.

Laboratory Assistant

High School Diploma/Equivalent Required.

Experience Preferred.

Job knowledge: Must be able to communicate effectively with all hospital personnel and present a courteous and professional manner to the public.

This position requires knowledge in the care of patients served as indicated:infant (婴儿) birth up to one year, childhood and adolescence is one year to 17 years, adult is 18 to 65 years and geriatric(老年人) is 65 years and above.

Please come to Harris Medical Center for further information.

1. Which of the following must require working experience?

A. Shop Clerk.                              B. Waiter/Waitress.

C. Box Office Ticket Seller.        D. Laboratory Assistant.

2. If you apply for the job as a laboratory assistant, you need _________.

A. speak French and English

B. have previous sales experience

C. have the ability to use computers

D. go to Harris Medical Center in person for more details

3. In which job offered is the applicant’s age required?

A. Shop Clerk. B. Box Office Ticket Seller.

C. Laboratory Assistant.                        D. None of the above.

B

Four years ago, Chris Nagele did what many other technology CEOs have done before — he moved his team into an open concept office.

His staff had been working from home, but he wanted everyone to be together, to bond and communicate more easily. It quickly became clear, though, that Nagele had made a huge mistake. Everyone was distracted, productivity suffered and the nine employees were unhappy, not to mention Nagele himself. In April 2015, about three years after moving into the open office, Nagele moved the company into a 10,000-square foot office where everyone now has their own space — complete with closing doors.

Numerous companies have embraced the open office — about 70% of US offices are open concept — and by most accounts, very few have moved back into traditional spaces with offices and doors. But research that we’re 15% less productive, we have great trouble concentrating and we’re twice as likely to get sick in open working spaces, has contributed to a growing backlash(反对) against open offices.

Since moving, Nagele himself has heard from others in technology who say they long for the closed office lifestyle. It’s unlikely that the open office concept will go away anytime soon, but some companies are following Nagele’s example and making a return to private spaces.

There’s one big reason we’d all love a space with four walls and a door that shuts: concentration. The truth is, we can’t multitask and small distractions can cause us to lose concentration for more than 20 minutes. Beside the cheaper cost, one main argument for the open workspace is that it increases teamwork. However, it’s well documented that we rarely brainstorm brilliant ideas when we  just talk casually in a crowd.

4. How did Nagele feel three years after moving into the open office?

A. He felt satisfied with it.

B. He felt doubtful about it.

C. He regretted his decision.

D. He was confused about it.

5. What made Nagele move the company in April 2015 again?

A. The suggestions from his friends.

B. The cheaper cost of the new office.

C. The complaints from his employees.

D. The negative results of the open office.

6. What do we know about offices from the text?

A. The minority of US companies choose open offices.

B. Nagele influenced some companies to move offices.

C. Many US companies are moving into private offices.

D. Open offices will soon be replaced by traditional ones.

7. What is the best title for the text?

A. Open workspace matters a lot

B. Why open offices are bad for us

C. Productivity suffers in private space

D. New trends of offices excite companies

C

At a talk to some businessmen earlier today, one fellow asked me, "Would you give money to a homeless person, even when you know he’s going to use it to buy alcohol?" I replied, "If all I was giving was money, it’ll be one thing. But for me, whenever I do give money, that’s just the wrapping(包装纸). The real gift is hidden inside — it’s love. And I haven’t ever found any reason to limit gifts of love. "

By the end of the night, I decided to get some pizza. In front of me in line was a homeless-looking man. He was counting the few dollars bills in his hand, over and over again, until it was his turn to order. Just then, he told the young woman behind the counter, "I’ll have the full cheese pizza." "Full?" she countered. "It’s really big," she added, although what she really meant to say is that it’ll be too expensive for him. "Yeah, the full." "$18.65," she submitted. The bills he was counting weren’t going to make it. I wasn’t intending to get the whole pizza for him. But thinking back to my conversation with the businessman, I realized that money was really just the wrapping.

I made my move. "Can you charge that pizza with my order?" I said to the cashier. "Really?" the homeless-looking man said. "Really?" the young woman behind the counter repeated. "Yes, really." That disheveled man and I had a sweet silent moment. To his silent question of why I was doing it, I added, "Just pay it forward for someone else." And he said, "Well, you know what? I was actually treating these five homeless guys out there." He was actually paying it forward, in the first place! What an unexpected fortune to get a chance to be a part of a man’s act of kindness.

8. What can we learn about the author from the first paragraph?

A. He is wise and caring.                       B. He is friendly and selfish.

C. He is selfless and straightforward.              D. He is easy-going and stupid.

9. What made the author decide to help the man?

A. The request from the homeless-looking man.

B. His sympathy for the homeless-looking man.

C. His recalling the talk with the businessman earlier that day.

D. The urgency from the young woman behind the counter.

10. Why did the homeless-looking man want to buy the whole pizza?

A. Because he was too hungry.

B. Because he wanted to pay it forward.

C. Because he wanted to treat his own five children.

D. Because he wanted to help some homeless people.

11. What is the best title for the passage?

A. Paying it forward         B. Helping a homeless man

C. A talk with a businessman  D. Money was just the wrapping

D

Teachers in UK schools are trialling the use of body cameras in class to record bad pupils’ behaviour. At least two schools in England have introduced the equipment for constant recording with the agreement of local education authorities.               

     The cameras, worn on teachers’ clothing, are set to film all the time but only save encrypted footage(加密影像) when the record button is pressed, The Times reported.        Teachers are advised to turn on the cameras during incidents in the classroom to deal with “constant low-level interruption”, but must give notice before doing so.                     

     Footage could also be shared with parents to involve them in addressing their children’s behaviour. Feedback from parents and schools was said to be positive, with teachers praising them as an effective deterrent(威慑物).         

     A survey published on Wednesday questioning teachers on the idea found more than a third would be willing to wear a body camera in the classroom, with many wanting the technology available to help fight against bad behaviour from pupils.      

     Over one in ten believe the time will come when bodycams will be compulsory in UK schools, the Times found. Of the 37.7 percent who said they were in favour, some 31.6 percent said they were motivated by teacher and student safety. Among those who were not willing to use the technology, reasons included concerns about their own privacy and that of the children, as well as feeling spied on, or the potential for misuse by management.               

Around two-thirds of the teachers surveyed—more than 600 in total— said they would feel safer in the classroom if they knew there was a camera recording everything, while 10.9 percent said they could foresee a time when bodycams are compulsory.         

12.When can teachers turn on the cameras in the classroom?

A. Local education authorities call on schools to use.

  B. Teachers inform the students of them.

  C. Lessons are interrupted now and then.

  D. Lessons are going on constantly.

13. Why did some teachers disagree to use the technology?

  A. Because they had too many secrets.

  B. Because they disliked to be watched over.

  C. Because they showed great concern on children’s safety.

D. Because they hated to be misunderstood by the managers.

14. How many teachers surveyed supposed bodycams would be forced to use in future?

  A. About 400.                B. About 300.     

C. About 200.             D. Less than 100.

15. How does the writer mainly develop the text?

  A. By analyzing.                              B. By listing numbers.

  C. By following time order.                     D. By following space order.

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Whether you’re going on the first date, a job interview, or influential business meeting, the first impression is what people will remember about you. As we all know, the first impression is practically not reversible(可逆的).      16       In this article I’ll give you some tips on how to behave yourself.

Always be on time.

There is really no excuse for being late if you’re meeting someone for the first time. I know that in the movies being late but with a good excuse seems to always work wonders.     17    You might be remembered as the one who is "always" late, even if it was that one time only. Being on time is the first step in creating a good first impression.

    18   

Wear appropriate clothes, have clean shoes, clean hands and pretty smile on your face. It’s important to look smart but not to be overdressed. People often focus their attention on a person’s hands, so make sure they are clean.19    These little things can make a significant difference in making a first impression.

Control your body language.

Your posture tells a lot about your feelings, so stay or sit straight, but don’t be too stiff. During the conversation you may lean slightly forwards as that shows being interested in the conversation.    20   

Regardless of the type of your meeting, if you keep the above three rules in your mind, you’ll be absolutely fine.

A. Present yourself well.

B. Think how to be dressed.

C. Smile is very important too.

D. But in real life it’s almost never like that.

E. So it’s vital to know what to do and how to behave.

F. But remember to respect the other person’s personal space.

G. You should come few minutes earlier, especially if you don’t know the place.

第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

These days, the custom that wives should cook has changed in Japan, especially people in their 20’s and 30’s tend to think so. Among 21 in that age group, both husbands and wives have 22 and they are very busy, so they tend to think that sharing the housework is 23.

But not everyone 24 because husbands do not have enough chance to know how to 25. Up to now, they have been used to seeing two 26: their mothers cook every day and their fathers 27 those dishes.

Recently some cooking schools for28 have opened. I have read several articles about the schools. Students of the cooking schools are mostly middle-aged men who are 29 of their retirement, because they work from morning to night at their 30, so they do not know how to cook. 31, their wives cook 32; they have many hobbies, and they know how to enjoy their spare time. After these men retire, they tend to do nothing in their 33 hours. So these men are 34 to cook not only as a hobby, but also because it is necessary to them.

In Japan, the famous cooks are almost all male, 35 the famous cooking teachers are almost all 36. I think that this tendency also 37 our true beliefs: being a cook is considered a business and being a cooking teacher is considered a(n) 38 of cooking as housework. I believe this tendency will39 in the future. We will have many chances to cook without 40 whether we are husbands or wives.

21. A. lines        B. teams        C. classes        D. couples

22. A. chances        B. cars        C. jobs        D. houses

23. A. normal        B. unfair        C. lucky          D. strange

24. A. comes        B. agrees        C. helps        D. cares

25. A. cook        B. pay        C. design        D. wash

26. A. suggestions        B. roles        C. thoughts        D. ideas  

27. A. keep        B. buy        C. eat        D. deliver

28. A. women        B. lawyers        C. students        D. men

29. A. proud        B. certain        C. afraid        D. convinced

30. A. office        B. table        C. college        D. corner

31. A. By the way        B. On the other hand        C. At first        D. As a result

32. A. peacefully          B. selflessly        C. alone        D. well

33. A. exact        B. difficult        C. free        D. last

34. A. learning        B. affording        C. promising        D. hating

35. A. because        B. while        C. if        D. as

36. A. female        B. young        C. professors        D. adults

37. A. reacts with            B. helps with     C. leads to        D. comes from

38. A. education        B. fashion        C. skill        D. extension

39. A. begin        B. change        C. continue        D. stop

40. A. reporting        B. proving        C. imagining        D. considering

第二节(共10小题每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Whenever I use public transport and if I get a place to sit, I offer that seat to someone who 41  (need) it more than I, especially to the elderly, to women or someone 42  (desperate) looking for a seat. I have made a habit of saying "Thank you" to those 43 are sacrificing their places for the fellow passengers on public transport.

So many times I 44  (experience) that showing kindness in public places spreads like wildfire. I have seen that people around us get 45   (inspire) after seeing our kindness behavior and they themselves also start behaving similarly, 46   example, showing kindness in offering their places and adjusting 47 (they) to others. Observing and experiencing such things give huge joy and 48  (please).

I keep thinking that goodness will spread around the world through these ways. Every human being has 49   pure soul having all goodness, but the only need is 50  (come) out open to behave in a way that is already so natural within us.

第三部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

It is one and a half years when I had left the junior high school. However, there is one thing what I’ll never forget. Every day our teacher asked some of us to give an English speech in front of the classmate. I felt worried because my spoken English was poorer, so I turned to Miss Lee for help. She gives me not only some valuable advice but also encouragement. She suggested I spent some time practicing every day. I followed his advice. When it was my turn to make the speech, I spoke very confident. And much to my joy, my speech was great success. Through this experience, I know when we have difficulty we should never be afraid to ask others with some help.

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是中学生李华,在一所国际学校就读,你的外教老师让你给自己起一个英文名字,你对此没有把握。请给你的新西兰朋友Bob发一封电子邮件, 请他提供帮助。邮件的内容包括:

  1. 请求帮助;

  2. 表示感谢;

  3. 邀请来中国。

注意:

  1.词数100左右;

  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.  结语已为你写好。

Dear Bob,

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

I’m looking forward to receiving your early reply.

                                                             Yours sincerely,

                                                             Li Hua

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