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2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试模拟试题 英语(二)

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新高考栾老师 发表于 2018-1-12 10:44:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题

2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试模拟试题 英语(二)

  • 年级
    高三
  • 学科
    英语
  • 学期
    下册

试题内容

(考试时间:120分钟  试卷满分:150分)

注意事项:   

    1.本试卷由四个部分组成。其中,第一、二部分和第三部分的第一节为选择题。第三部分的第二节和第四部分为非选择题。

    2.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。   

    3.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

    4.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题:每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)   

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。   

1.What does the man mean?  

A.He is too nervous to relax.   

B.He will succeed in the interview.

C.He will relax himself for an hour.

2.What are the speakers mainly talking about?   

A.Headphones.    B.A personal cooler.    C.A mini-air conditioner

3.Where is this month’s edition of Vogue?

A.On the top of the middle shelf.

B.In the middle of a shelf.

C.Beside another magazine.

4.What is Alice now?

A.An actress.     B.A journalist.     C.A photographer.

5.What season is it now?

A.Spring,     B.Autumn.     C.Winter.

第二节(共15小题:每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。   

听第6段材料,回答第6-7题。   

6.How will the woman go to Newcastle?   

A.By coach.         B.By train.       C.By plane.

7.How long will it take the woman to get to Newcastle from York?   

A.30 minutes.     B.45 minutes.     C.60 minutes.

听第7段材料,回答第8-9题。

8.When was Sandra River killed?

A.On November 8,2009.B.On November 9,2008 C.On November 8,2008

9.Who did the police think killed Sandra Rivett?

A.Lady Lucan.     B.Lord Lucan.     C.Lord Lucan’S children.

听第8段材料,回答第10-12题。

10.When are the evening classes?   

A.On Tuesdays.     B.On Thursdays.     C.On Saturdays.

11.What kind of classes does the man’s friend may prefer?

A.Tow-hour speaking ones.

B.Eighty-minute grammar ones.

C.Fifty-minute speaking ones.

12.What does the woman suggest the man do in the end?

A.Ask his friend to book his place.

B.Pay for the classes right now.

C.Meet the teacher soon.   

听第9段材料,回答第13-16题。

13.What is the relationship between the speakers?

A.Classmates.      B.Husband and wife.    C.Teacher and student.

14.What does the man think of his life at weekends?   

A.It’s relaxing     B.It’s boring.     C.It’s fantastic.

15.What will the speakers do this weekend?   

A.Go out for dinner. B.Have a barbeque.     C.Watch a movie.

16.What will the speakers bring?   

A.Tennis rackets.

B.Fruit and vegetables.

C.Bread and mineral water.   

听第10段材料,回答第17-20题。

17.Why did the speaker move to Florida?   

A.She went to university there.

B.Her mother had to work there.

C.Her father wanted to live there.

18.What did the speaker do in New York?

A.She went bowling.   

B.She played in the fields.

C.She went to an under-20 club.

19.What does the speaker think of Florida?

A.Exciting     B.Awful.      C.Safe.

20.What do we know about the speaker?

A.She is 15 years old.   

B.She misses Katie very much.

C.She said her name several times on her first school day in Florida.   

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)   

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。   

A

    You probably know who Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is,but you may not have heard of Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell if you are not interested in foreign literature.Of the outstanding ladies listed below,who is your favorite?

Jane Austen(16 December,1775-18 July,1817)

    Jane Austen,a famous English writer,was born at Steventon,Hampshire.She began writing early in life,although the prejudices of her times forced her to have her books published anonymously(匿名).

    She wrote many books of romantic fiction about the gentry(贵族).Her works made her one of the great masters of the English novel.Only four of her novels were printed while she was alive.They were Sense and Sensibility(1811),Pride and Prejudice(1813),Mansfield Park(1814)and Emma(1816).

Charlotte Bronte(21 April,1816-31 March,1855)   

    She first published her works,including Jane Eyre,under the false name of Currer Bell.

Her first novel,The Professor,was rejected by many publishers.It was not printed until 1857.

She is famous for her novel Jane Eyre(1847),which was very popular when it was printed.Jane Eyre was a strong story of a plain,brave,clever woman struggling with her passions,reasons,and social condition.

Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell(8 November,1900-16 August,1949)

She was an American author and journalist,a lifelong resident and native of Atlanta,Georgia.One novel by Mitchell was published during her lifetime,the American Civil-War-era novel,Gone with the wind,for which she won the National Book Award for Most Distinguished Novel of 1936 and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1937.In more recent years,a collection of Mitchell’s girlhood writings and a novella she wrote as a teenager,Lost Laysen,have been published.A collection of articles written by Mitchell for The Atlanta Journal was republished in book form.

21.Why did Jane Austen publish her books with a false name?

A.She lacked confidence.    B.She was not well educated.

C.Women were discriminated.D.Women were well protected.

22.Which novel was set in the background of war?

A.Sense and Sensibility.      B.Lost Laysen.

C.Gone with the Wind. D.The Professor.

23.Who won the most prizes for her works?

A.Jane Austen.     B.Charlotte Bronte.   

C.Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton. D.Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell.

24.What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?

A.They were all fond of poetry.    B.They all died in their forties.

C.Their works were once rejected. D.They are famous for their great works.

B

I hope you will join us to develop the project.The idea struck me in early 2017.We were sitting in our class when our head teacher announced.“There’11 be a new boy starting school tomorrow.He comes from the circus so he’11 be with us for a while.”Immediately I heard remarks like“Those are dirty people”;“They eat raw meat”;and“Watch out you’re your bags”.The teacher must have heard them and said in a very serious voice,“Jake is our guest.Make sure you treat him well.”

    It was the first time I had met anyone from a circus.Fortunately he sat in the only spare seat next to me.Of course I didn’t want to mind others’business,but I couldn’t help looking at him sideways.I noticed Jake was smaller than me and had dirty finger nails.His shirt was clean but had been repaired in many places and his trousers were held up by a wide,leather belt.As he was sniffing loudly,I passed him my handkerchief.Immediately the boys began to whisper “Leave him be!’’From my left a slight movement showed that Jake must have heard the remarks too.He seemed to be having great difficulty with his maths work and was struggling to hold his pen correctly.He looked around as if for help.I looked around too.The teacher was busy so I offered to explain the problems to him.As he listened he smiled.His eyes lit up and he returned to the exercises with enthusiasm.He finished them quickly and proudly presented them to the teacher.“Well done,Jake,”she approved.Jake smiled.

    I thought about how Jake’s life would be.I remembered seeing the campsite and thinking  how poor the facilities(设施)were.So I decided to help.As it was my turn to suggest a project for our grade.I put forward this idea.Our head teacher accepted it and so we began to prepare our plans to improve the campsite.Hope you will join us.   


25.Why did the students dislike Jake even before they saw him?

A.A newcomer was not welcome at that time.

B.They always judged a person by what he looks like.   

C.The teacher hadn’t introduced Jake to them beforehand.   

D.They must have heard terrible stories about circus people.   

26.What’s the author’s attitude towards Jake?   

A.He copied the other boys’behavior.   

B.He was distant about what Jake’s life was like.  

C.He had sympathy for the people who were in need.   

D.He couldn’t ignore what other people said about Jake.

27.With the help of the author,Jake became more____.  

A.friendly and brave

B.confident and proud

C.easygoing and helpful   

D.optimistic and warm-hearted

28.What’s the author’s main purpose in writing this passage?   

A.To call on more people to help Jake.

B.To show what is in need for a circus.

C.To ask the readers to join in his project.

D.To argue circus people should be fairly treated.

C

    Reading can be a social activity.Think of the people who belong to book groups.They  choose books to read and then meet to discuss them.Now,the website BookCrossing.com turns the page on the traditional idea of a book group.

Members go on the site and register the books they own and would like to share.BookCrossing provides an identification number to stick inside the book.Then the person leaves it in a public place,hoping that the book will have all adventure,traveling far and wide with each new reader who finds it

Bruce Pederson,the managing director of BookCrossing,says,“The two things that change your life are the people you meet and books you read.BookCrossing combines both.”   

Members leave books on park benches and buses.in train stations and coffee shops.Whoever finds their book will 20 to the site and record where they found it.   

    People who find a book can also leave a journal entry describing what they thought of it.E-mails are then sent to the BookCrossing to keep them updated about where their books have been found.Bruce Peterson says the idea is for people not to be selfish by keeping a book to gather dust on a shelf at home.   

    BookCrossing is part of a trend among people who want to get back to the “real”and not  the virtual(虚拟).The site now has more than one million members in more than one hundred thirty-five countries.  

29.Why does the author mention book groups in the first paragraph?   

A.To introduce the website.   

B.To attract more book groups.   

C.To stress the importance of reading.   

D.To encourage readers to share their ideas.

30.What does the underlined word“it”in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A.An adventure.     B.The book.  

C.A public place.     D.The identification number.   

31.What will a BookCrosser do with a book after reading it?   

A.Pass it on to another reader.     B.Mail it back to its owner.

C.Keep it safe in his bookcase. D.Meet other readers to discuss it.

32.What is the best title for the text?

A.Online Reading:A Virtual Tour     B.Electronic Books:A New Trend.

C.BookCrossing:A New Bridge D.A Website:An Old Tradition

D

A new collection of photos brings an unsuccessful Antarctic voyage back to life.

    Frank Hurley's pictures would be outstanding—undoubtedly first-rate Photo-journalism—if they had been made last week.In fact,they were shot from 1914 through 1916,most of them    after a disastrous shipwreck(海难),by a cameraman who had no chance of survival.Many of    the images were stored in an ice chest,under freezing water,in the damaged wooden ship.

The ship was the Endurance,a small,tight,Norwegian-built three-master that was intended to take Sir Ernest Shackleton and a small crew of seamen and scientists,27 men in all,to the southernmost shore of Antarctica’s Weddell Sea.From that point Shackleton wanted to force a passage by dog sled(雪橇)across the continent.The journey was intended to achieve more than what Captain Robert Falcon Scott had done.Captain Scott had reached the South Pole early in 1912 but had died with his four companions on the march back.

As writer Caroline Alexander makes clear in her forceful and well-researched story The  Endurance,adventuring was even then a thoroughly commercial,effort.Scott’s last journey,

completed as he lay in a tent dying of cold and hunger,caught the world’s imagination,and a  film made in his honor drew crowds.Shackleton,a onetime British merchant-navy officer who had got to within 100 miles of the South Pole in 1908,started a business before his 1914 voyage to make money from movie and still photography.Frank Hurley,a confident and gifted

Australian photographer who knew the Antarctic,was hired to make the images,most of which have never before been published.

33.What do we know about the photos taken by Hurley?   

A.They were taken just last week.   

B.They were found by a cameraman

C.They recorded a disastrous adventure.   

D.They showed undersea conditions of the Antarctic.

34.Who reached the South Pole first according to the text?

A.Frank Hurley.    B.Robert Falcon Scott.

C.Ernest Shaekleton D.Caroline Alexander.  

35.What does Alexander think was the purpose of the 1914 voyage?

A.Money making.     B.Artistic creation.

C.Scientific research. D.Treasure hunting.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。   

    New rules and behavior standards for middle school students came out in March,2017.Middle schools are going to use a new way to decide who the top students are. 36 The following are some of the new rules.

    Tell the truth.

    Have you ever copied someone else’s work in an exam? 37 That’s not honest.If you    have played computer games for two hours in your room,don’t tell your parents that you have done homework.

    Do more at school

    Good students love animals and care for other people.April is Bird-Loving Month in our    country.Is your school doing anything to celebrate it? You should join ! 38 Have you    ever quarreled with your teammates when your basketball team lost? Only working together can make your team stronger.Be friendly to the people you are with.Try to think of others,not only yourself.  

    Be open to new ideas.

    Have you ever thought that people could live on the moon? Perhaps you’ll discover Earth II someday.Don’t look down at anyone. 39 You should welcome them,because new ideas make life better for everyone.

    Protect yourself

    Has someone ever taken money from one of your classmates? Don’t let it happen to you.If you have to go home late,you should let your parents know.

    Use the Internet carefully

    The Internet can be very useful for your studies.But some things on the Internet aren’t for kids,so try to look at Web Pages that ale good for you. 40 .

    A.Don’t do it again!  

    B.Everyone’s ideas are important.

    C.Students must only work and play alone.

    D.You can use the web for fun or homework.

    E.The best students won’t only have high marks.

    F.Students should not disagree with the teachers.

G.In that way,you can learn more about animals and how to protect them.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白    处的最佳选项,并在答题卡将该项涂黑。

    I’11 never forget that“very important meeting”with a guidance counselor(咨询师)during  my senior year of high schoo1.I gladly 41 my dreams,and was looking forward to hearing  his  42 advice on how best to achieve my academic and professional goals for the future.He told me that I was not college material and that“ 43 a nice secretarial school” would be  my 44 .His advice did change my life. 45 not in the way he expected—because I  didn’t follow it.I didn’t even 46 it.By trying to put limitation on my future,he made me  even more  47 to pursue a college degree and a 48 of my choice.

At that moment in my eighteenth year,I started to be  49 for my life.I decided what    kind of college I wanted to attend —one that was small,personal and would develop my    enthusiasm and 50 .I searched through many resources until I found the one for me:   Endicott Junior College,then a women-only college in Beverly,Massachusetts.When I visited Endicott,it felt like home,and my 51 was made.It was the only college I visited, 52 ,and was interviewed by.

I was 53 to Endicott for the fall term and immediately knew it was the 54 school for me.After studying subjects 55 from English to early childhood education to    psychology and art,I 56 with all associate degree in advertising.Then I went to one of the    state universities.I decided to acquire my Bachelor’s  57 —and I did,while holding two    58 jobs.Now,when my little girls tell me they want to do this or that,I always tell them that    I’ll be fight there for them,doing everything in my 59 to support them in making it happen,because I know dreams really do 60 .   

41.A.discussed     B.shared     C.showed D.chose

42.A.practical       B.delicate       C.elegant D.different

43.A.possibly     B.originally     C.equally D.similarly

44.A.image     B.dream     C.means D.1evel

45.A.if     B.unless     C.though D.as

46.A.adopt     B.understand     C.evaluate     D.consider

47.A.patient     B.strict     C.determined   D.reliable

48.A.subject     B.course C.chance D.career

49.A.responsible     B.suitable     C.grateful D.famous

50.A.habit     B.interest     C.friendship D.relationship

51.A.mind     B.promise     C.wish D.choice

52.A.worked for     B.attended to     C.applied to D.focused upon

53.A.invited   B.welcomed     C.devoted D.admitted

54.A.unsuitable     B.right     C.personal D.initial

55.A.spreading     B.ranging   C.setting     D.existing

56.A.stuck B.ended     C.graduated D.met  

57.A.degree B.skill     C.ability D.grade

58.A.permanent     B.natural     C.rare     D.part-time

59.A.field     B.power     C.1ife D.delight

60.A.work out     B.give away     C.come alive D.come true

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)   

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

    Reading classic literature 61(write)by native speakers can improve your English language skills in several ways. 62 ,this will not happen by magic:only if you read the book   63 (careful)and think about what you are reading.First,if you concentrate hard,you will not only 64 (1arge)your vocabulary,but also begin to appreciate slight differences in meaning between words.Second,65 you examine the language attentively,you can learn to appreciate different English writing  66 (style).The light and ironic style of Jane Austen is quite different from 67 serious and intense style of Charlotte Bronte though both of them are great writers of English.

    Sometimes it is necessary to read a book more than once in order to absorb 68(it)full benefit.Read it once 69 (understand)the story,once again to appreciate the way the characters are described and the story develops and finally to become really familiar  70 the new vocabulary and expressions.Above all enjoy the stories.Happy reading!

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:   

1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;     

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Henry,   

    I am writing to invite you attend the Chinese paper-cutting art exhibition to be held in the art gallery from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm the next Saturday in the City Museum.   

    Paper-cutting is a traditionally art form in China,which had a history of more than 1,500 years.People often decorate their homes in paper-cutting during festivals and weddings.In this exhibition,you can see paper-cutting with various pattern.In addition,they are famous artists who will perform what to cut paper on the spot.I hope that you can seize this opportunity to learn much about traditional Chinese culture.   

    Looking forward to hear from you soon.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

    假定你是李华。你校戏曲文学社正在排练悲剧King Lear。请给你校英籍教师Mr.Robinson写一封邮件,邀请他来指导,内容包括:

    1.排练时间和地点:

    2.指导内容:人物语言等:

    3.希望他出演一个角色。

注意:   

    1.词数100左右:

    2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

    提示:排练—rehearse  vt.    rehearsal  n


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